Organizations in the healthcare field will be familiar with HIPAA, formally known as the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. Signed into law in 1996, it sets a national standard for protecting personal health information (PHI). It ensures that patients know how their information is stored and shared through consultation and consent. According to the HIPAA Journal, in the twelve months leading up to October 2021, there were 655 reported data breaches that contained 500 or more records across the country. 546 of the 655 occurred in 2021 alone. There is room for improvement in protecting sensitive PHI, especially when dealing with large databases.